A Call For Inclusive Conservation

Malawian farmer in her groundnut plot under conservation agriculture. Photo @ CIMMYT/Flickr through a Creative Commons license.

A new comment in the journal Nature argues that conservation’s impact on the world is being hindered by the field’s lack of inclusiveness — particularly its failure to consistently include both the many different values people hold for nature, and the viewpoints of women and diverse ethnicities and cultures. The comment is coauthored by Heather Tallis, lead scientist for The Nature Conservancy; Jane Lubchenco, former NOAA administrator, currently professor at Oregon State University and member of The Nature Conservancy’s board of directors; and 238 other leading conservationists.

The field of conservation is facing two massive issues at once, says Tallis: a clash of core values, and persistent gender and cultural bias. The comment’s authors aim to address both by raising the voices of women and men from around the world in support of a “unified and diverse conservation ethic” that can align with “the values of the many audiences we need to engage” by recognizing and accepting “all values of nature from intrinsic to instrumental.”

To add your name to the call for inclusive conservation, click here to sign the petition below. 

Full text of the comment:

A Call For Inclusive Conservation

An age-old conflict around a seemingly simple question has resurfaced: Why do we conserve nature? Contention around this issue has come and gone many times, but in the past several years we believe that it has reappeared as an increasingly acrimonious debate between, in essence, those who argue that nature should be protected for its own sake (intrinsic value) and those who argue that we must also save nature to help ourselves (instrumental value).

Champions of instrumental value contend, among other things, that protecting nature for its own sake alone has failed to stem the tide of species extinction, that conservation should be open to partnering with business to effect the greatest change, and that conservation support will be broadened by more directly considering other social objectives (such as food security or clean water). By contrast, advocates of intrinsic value assert that ethical arguments for conservation should be sufficient, that partnering with business is selling out to those who create the problem, and that social considerations are already central to conservation.

Unfortunately, what began as a healthy debate has, in our opinion, descended into vitriolic, personal battles in universities, academic conferences, research stations, conservation organizations and even the media. We believe that this situation is stifling productive discourse, inhibiting funding and halting progress.
Adding to the problem, in our view, is the issue that this dispute has become dominated by only a few voices, nearly all of them men’s. We see this as illustrative of the bigger issues of gender and cultural bias that also continue to hinder conservation.

The stakes? The future of conservation science, practice and policy. Conservation regularly encounters varied points of view and a range of values in the real world. To address and engage these views and values, we call for more-inclusive representation of scientists and practitioners in the charting of our field’s future, and for a more-inclusive approach to conservation.

Embrace Values and Voices

Women historically have been underrepresented in environmental-science faculty positions and in conservation practice, as in most scientific fields. This disparity is changing globally, but at different rates: more slowly in Asia and more quickly in Latin America and the Caribbean, for example . In the United States, more than half the leadership positions in conservation organizations are now held by women. And on the global stage, women currently hold top positions in many leading efforts, including the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, the Future Earth science committee, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This progress makes the dearth of female voices in the debate about the premise of our profession all the more stark.

The signatories in agreement here — women and men from around the globe — support an equal role for women and for practitioners of diverse ethnicities and cultures in envisaging the future of conservation science and practice.

Together, we propose a unified and diverse conservation ethic; one that recognizes and accepts all values of nature from intrinsic to instrumental, and welcomes all philosophies justifying nature protection and restoration, from ethical to economic, and from aesthetic to utilitarian. What we propose is not new. This diverse set of ethics has a long standing history in modern conservation. For example, more than 100 years ago, both intrinsic and instrumental values were used in the creation of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, and when Californians spurred the broader environmental movement in the United States by using economic studies of the value of birds alongside compelling speeches about the purity and grandeur of nature.

These values need not be in opposition, although they do reflect the hard choices that conservation often faces. They can instead be matched to contexts where each best aligns with the values of the many audiences that we need to engage. Those on the side of intrinsic value will argue that by recognizing the many ways in which people benefit from nature, we cheapen nature and miss opportunities to save components of it that have little or no obvious value to people. This is a valid concern, and one of many reasons why we must continue to uphold intrinsic values to audiences who share those values, or may be inspired towards them. However, instrumental values will remain more powerful for other audiences, and should be used in the many contexts where broadening support for conservation is essential.

Clearly, all values will not be equally served in every context. Approaching conservation problems with representative perspectives and a broad base of respect, trust, pragmatism and shared understanding will more quickly and effectively advance our shared vision of a thriving planet. Prominent institutions already embrace multiple voices and values. For example, the field’s signature international treaty, the Convention on Biological Diversity, calls for the conservation of biodiversity, and the sustainable use and equitable sharing of its benefits. Some countries leading in this area, such as Mexico, Costa Rica and Colombia, have followed suit, capturing these joint interests in their own governing language.

Practical Action

What now? Academic training of conservation scientists should more accurately portray the rich, global history of the field, introducing students to the diverse ways in which nature has been valued and conserved for centuries. More forums at conferences, in journals and on social media are needed to elevate the voices of scientists and practitioners from under-represented genders, cultures and contexts. Conservation organizations and scientists can embrace all plausible conservation actors, from corporations to governmental agencies, faith-based organizations and interested individuals, and advance conservation efforts when they can benefit people and when there is no obvious human-centric goal.

These efforts must be underpinned by a stronger focus on synthesizing and expanding the evidence base that can identify what works and what fails in conservation so that we can move from philosophical debates to rigorous assessments of the effectiveness of actions. And we must encourage the full breadth of conservation scientists and practitioners to engage with the media so that coverage reflects the true range of opinion (for example, the 240 co-signatories listed here, ready for an interview) rather than the polarized voices of a few. Add your name to this petition below.

It is time to refocus the field of conservation on advancing and sharing knowledge in all relevant disciplines and contexts, and testing hypotheses based on observations, experiments, and models. We call for an end to the fighting. We call for a conservation ethic diverse in its acceptance of genders, cultures, ages and values.

Original Signatories

  • Heather Tallis, The Nature Conservancy and the Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Jane Lubchenco, Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University
  • Vanessa M. Adams, Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods and Northern Australia National Environmental Research Program Hub, Charles Darwin University
  • Christine Adams-Hosking, Global Change Institute, The University of Queensland
  • Vera N. Agostini, The Nature Conservancy
  • Sandy J. Andelman, Conservation International
  • Katie Arkema, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Patricia Balvanera, Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
  • Natalie Ban, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
  • Maria Beger, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Elena Bennett, Department of Natural Resource Sciences and McGill School of Environment, McGill University
  • Reinette Biggs, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University and Centre for Studies in Complexity, Stellenbosch University
  • Carol Blanchette, Marine Science Institute, University of California
  • P. Dee Boersma, Center for Penguins as Ocean Sentinels, Department of Biology, University of Washington and Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Madeleine C. Bottrill, Conservation International
  • Kate A. Brauman, Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota
  • Leah L. Bremer, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Deborah Brosnan, The Brosnan Center, Virginia Tech and One Health Institute, University of California, Davis
  • Damayanti Buchori, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agriculture University
  • Nathalie Butt, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Krista Capps, Sustainability Solutions Initiative, Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Maine
  • Emily Carrington, Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington
  • Josie Carwardine, CSIRO Land and WaterGPO
  • Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Marta Coll, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Centre de Recherche Halieutique Méditerranéenne et Tropicale
  • Colleen Corrigan, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, University of Queensland
  • Molly S. Cross, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Gretchen Daily, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University and Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Stanford University
  • Ruth DeFries, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University
  • Martina M.I. Di Fonzo, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Anne Ehrlich, Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Stanford University
  • Natalia Estrada Carmona, Agrobiodiversity and Ecosystem Services Program, Bioversity International
  • Joice Ferreira, Embrapa Amazonia Oriental
  • Melissa Foley, USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
  • Tessa Francis, Puget Sound Institute, University of Washington
  • Simonetta Fraschetti, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare
  • Mariana M.P.B. Fuentes, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
  • Evelyn E. Gaiser, Department of Biological Sciences, Southeast Environmental Research Center, Florida International University
  • Kelly Garbach, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago
  • Keryn B. Gedan, Department of Biology, University of Maryland
  • Leah R. Gerber, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Sarah E. Gergel, Department of Forest & Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia
  • Sylvaine Giakoumi, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland and Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research
  • Ana Paula Giorgi, Earthwatch Institute
  • Nicole Goebel, Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Rebecca Goldman-Benner, The Nature Conservancy
  • Rachelle K. Gould, Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Stanford University
  • Lisa J. Graumlich, College of the Environment, University of Washington
  • Elizabeth Gray, The Nature Conservancy
  • Nancy B. Grimm, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Kirsten Grorud-Colvert, Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University
  • Angela M. Guerrero, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Anne D. Guerry, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Sharon Hall, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Perrine Hamel, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Stephanie E. Hampton, Center for Environmental Research, Education and Outreach, Washington State University
  • Amanda Hardy, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Mary Ellen Harte, Berkeley, CA
  • Karen Holl, Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Milena Holmgren, Resource Ecology Group, Wageningen University
  • Kirstin Holsman, University of Washington Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries
  • Alison Iles, Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University
  • Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca, Department of Ecology, Biosciences Institute, S. Paulo University
  • Carter Ingram, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Susan P. Johnson, Environmental Consultant, North Vancouver, BC
  • Holly Jones, Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Illinois University
  • Stacy Jupiter, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Carrie Kappel, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis
  • Salit Kark, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Bonnie Keeler, Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota
  • Felicia Keesing, Biology Program, Bard College
  • Margaret Kinnaird, Mpala Research Centre, Nanyuki, Kenya
  • Ann Kinzig, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability and School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Alexandra-Maria Klein, Chair of Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Freiburg
  • Carissa Klein, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, University of Queensland
  • Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Lendület Ecosystem Services Research Group, Centre for Ecological Research
  • Claire Kremen, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley
  • Kristy Kroeker, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Suzanne Langridge, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Estella Leopold, Department of Biology, University of Washington
  • Heather M. Leslie, Institute at Brown for Environment and Society, and Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Brown University
  • Karen Levy, Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Emory University
  • Meg Lowman, Institute of Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, California Academy of Sciences
  • Shan Ma, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Georgina Mace, Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research, University College London
  • Ramona Maggini, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Ainhoa Magrach, Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, ETH Zürich, Universitätstrasse
  • Patricia Majluf, Centro para la Sostenibilidad Ambiental, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
  • Lisa Mandle, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Sangeeta Mangubhai, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Tara G. Martin, CSIRO Land and WaterGPO
  • Michelle Marvier, Environmental Studies and Sciences Department, Santa Clara University
  • Fiorenza Micheli, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University
  • Morena Mills, Global Change Institute and Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland
  • Jessica Musengezi, The Nature Conservancy
  • Harini Nagendra, School of Development, Azim Premji University
  • Joanna L. Nelson, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University and The Nature Conservancy
  • Kimberly A. Nicholas, Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies
  • Karina J. Nielsen, Department of Biology, Romberg Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies, San Francisco State University
  • Sharon Okanga,School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Lydia Olander, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions and Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University
  • Kirsten Oleson, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai’i Manoa
  • Dianna K. Padilla, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University
  • Wendy J. Palen, Earth to Ocean Research Group, Simon Fraser University
  • Margaret A. Palmer, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center
  • Ingrid M. Parker, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Ana Parma, Department of Biology and Management of Aquatic Resources, Centro Nacional Patagónico CONICET
  • Julia K. Parrish, College of the Environment, University of Washington
  • Stephanie Pau, Department of Geography, Florida State University
  • Liba Pejchar, Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, Colorado State University
  • Johanna Polsenberg, Wildlife Conservation Society and School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Catherine M. Pringle, Research Professor, Odum School of Ecology, The University of Georgia
  • Gesine Pufal, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability and School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Ginger A. Rebstock, Department of Biology, University of Washington
  • Sheila M.W. Reddy, The Nature Conservancy
  • Anna Renwick, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Belinda Reyers, Natural Resources and the Environment, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
  • Helen Rowe, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Erika Rowland, Wildlife Conservation Society
  • Mary Ruckelshaus, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Megan I. Saunders, Global Change Institute, The University of Queensland
  • Lynn Scarlett, The Nature Conservancy
  • Lisa A. Schulte Moore, Natural Resource Ecology & Management Department, Iowa State University
  • Kimberly Selkoe, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis and Hawai’i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai’i
  • Danielle F. Shanahan, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Christine Shepard, The Nature Conservancy
  • Patricia A. Soranno, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
  • Emily H. Stanley, University of Wisconsin, Center for Limnology
  • Antje Steinfurth, Pecy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town
  • Katharine Suding, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado
  • Billie J. Swalla, Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington
  • Jodie Toft, The Nature Conservancy
  • Tiffany G. Troxler, Florida International University, Southeast Environmental Research Center
  • Teresa Turner, College of Science and Mathematics, University of the Virgin Islands
  • Yolanda van Heezik, Department of Zoology, University of Otago
  • Blande Viana, Extension and Outreach, and Biology Institute, Federal University of Bahia
  • Kari Vigerstol, The Nature Conservancy
  • Adrian Vogl, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Linda Walters, Biology Department, University of Central Florida
  • Johanna M. Ward, The Nature Conservancy
  • Stephanie Wear, The Nature Conservancy, University of North Carolina, Institute of Marine Sciences
  • Rebecca Weeks, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
  • Terrie M. Williams, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Kerrie A. Wilson, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Erika Zavaleta, Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Lynne Zeitlin Hale, The Nature Conservancy, University of Rhode Island
  • Vicenç Acuña, Catalan Institute for Water Research
  • Brian F. Allan, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Péter Batáry, Agroecology, Department of Crop Sciences, Georg-August University
  • Berry Brosi, Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University
  • Christopher J. Brown, Global Change Institute, The University of Queensland
  • James Boyd, Resources for the Future, Center for Management of Ecological Wealth
  • Eduardo S. Brondizio, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University
  • Stephen R. Carpenter, Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Mark Carr, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • F. Stuart Chapin, III, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • Nicola Clerici, Biology Program, Universidad del Rosario
  • Peter R. Crane, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University
  • Donald A. Croll, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Neville D. Crossman, CSIRO Land and Water Flagship
  • Frank W. Davis, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Fabrice DeClerck, Bioversity International
  • Erik Gomez-Baggethun, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA)
  • Rudolf de Groot, Wageningen University, Environmental Systems Analysis Group
  • Anantha Kumar Duraiappah, International Human Dimensions Program-United Nations University
  • Paul R. Ehrlich, Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Stanford University
  • Timothy E. Essington, University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
  • James A. Estes, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Joe Fargione, The Nature Conservancy
  • Eli P. Fenichel, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University
  • Paul J. Ferraro, Department of Economics, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University
  • Brendan Fisher, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
  • Jonathan A. Foley, Institute of Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, California Academy of Sciences
  • Steven D. Gaines, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Eddie Game, The Nature Conservancy
  • Davide Geneletti, Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento
  • Yonas Ghile, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Evan Girvetz, International Center for Tropical Agriculture
  • Joshua Goldstein, The Nature Conservancy
  • Robert Griffin, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Craig Groves, The Nature Conservancy
  • Benjamin S. Halpern, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara
  • Christopher D.G. Harley, Department of Zoology and Biodiversity Research Centre, University of British Columbia
  • John Harte, Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley
  • Jonathan V. Higgins, The Nature Conservancy
  • Richard J. Hobbs, Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia
  • Gordon W. Holtgrieve, University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
  • Steven Huckett, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Mochamad Indrawan, Center for Biodiversity Strategies, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universitas Indonesia
  • Kris A. Johnson, The Nature Conservancy
  • Daniel S. Karp, The Nature Conservancy
  • Joe Kiesecker, The Nature Conservancy
  • Timm Kroeger, The Nature Conservancy
  • Joshua J. Lawler, School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington
  • Taal Levi, Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Phillip S. Levin, Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service
  • Eric Lonsdorf, Biology Department, Franklin and Marshall College
  • Robert I. McDonald, The Nature Conservancy
  • Yuta J. Masuda, The Nature Conservancy
  • Erik Meijaard, People and Nature Consulting International – Borneo Futures project
  • Bruce A. Menge, Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University
  • Harold Mooney, Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, Stanford University
  • Jonathan W. Moore, Earth to Ocean Research Group, Simon Fraser University
  • Robin Naidoo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
  • Erik Nelson, Department of Economics, Bowdoin College
  • Julian D. Olden, University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
  • Jeff J. Opperman, The Nature Conservancy
  • Richard S. Ostfeld, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
  • Robert T. Paine, Department of Biology, University of Washington
  • Miguel A. Pascual, Centro Nacional Patagónico–CONICET
  • Subhrendu K. Pattanayak, Duke University
  • Derric Pennington, World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
  • Charles Perrings, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University
  • Garry D. Peterson, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
  • Juan Manuel Posada, Biology Program, Universidad del Rosario
  • Hugh P. Possingham, Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland
  • Peter A. Raymond, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University
  • Walt Reid, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation
  • Brian D. Richter, The Nature Conservancy
  • Taylor H. Ricketts, Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont
  • Callum M. Roberts, Environment Department, University of York
  • James Salzman, Duke University
  • Jameal Samhouri, Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service
  • Jörn P.W. Scharlemann, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex
  • Marten Scheffer, Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management, Wageningen University
  • Daniel E. Schindler, University of Washington, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences
  • Oswald J. Schmitz, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University
  • Richard Sharp, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University
  • Brian R. Silliman, Division of Marine Science, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University
  • Thomas D. Sisk, Landscape Conservation Initiative; Northern Arizona University
  • David K. Skelly, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University
  • Luis A. Solórzano, CGIAR
  • U. Rashid Sumaila, Fisheries Economics Research Unit, Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia
  • Teja Tscharntke, Agroecology, Department of Crop Sciences, Georg-August University
  • David Vačkář, Charles University in Prague, Environment Center and Global Change Research Centre, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
  • Sander vander Ploeg, Wageningen University, Environmental Systems Analysis Group
  • James E.M. Watson, Wildlife Conservation Society and School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, University of Queensland
  • Piran C.L. White, Environment Department, University of York
  • Christopher C. Wilmers, Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Spencer A. Wood, The Natural Capital Project, Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University

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882Noelle CherubimThe Nature ConservancyNov 05, 2015
881Dalal HannaPhD Candidate, Departement of Natural Resource Sciences, McGill UniversityOct 30, 2015
880Valerie C. Clark, Ph.D. Indigenous Forest Research Organization for Global Sustainability, Inc. 501(c)(3) [i.F.r.o.g.s.]Oct 25, 2015
879Mark LittleOct 01, 2015
878William RippleOregon State UniversitySep 29, 2015
877Christopher ChandlerThe Nature Conservancy, KYSep 24, 2015
876Connor HallDuke University Env Sci MajorSep 16, 2015
875Connor WalshSep 14, 2015
874Vania Nessa Parisconservation law and policy student @ SDSU, CASep 14, 2015
873Andi AntalMcGill UniversitySep 13, 2015
872Krysten SchulerCornell UniversitySep 09, 2015
871Catherine FullerAug 31, 2015
870fernanda iglesisstudent at SDSU, San Diego CaliforniaAug 28, 2015
869Sheema Abdul AzizRimbaAug 20, 2015
868Sallie Ebert GrundmanBaha'i Faith, and Free Medical Clinic of the Northern Shenandoah ValleyAug 17, 2015
867Menna JonesUniversity of TasmaniaAug 12, 2015
866bouchaib hafidlavlpsAug 08, 2015
865Catarina FerreiraAug 08, 2015
864Chelsey BlankeUniversity of Wisconsin - MadisonAug 05, 2015
863Isabel CarreraUniversity of WashingtonAug 05, 2015
862Caren CooperNorth Carolina Museum of Natural SciencesAug 04, 2015
861Nicole GundermanEducator, Gorman Heritage FarmAug 01, 2015
860Melina MelitoUniversity of São PauloJul 31, 2015
859Keaton SandemanThe Nature ConservancyJul 31, 2015
858Lucy RadfordBarbary Macaque Awareness and ConservationJul 28, 2015
857Sian WatersDept of Anthropology, Durham University, UKJul 28, 2015
856Kamweti MutuAfrica Biodiversity Collaborative GroupJul 28, 2015
855Richard HadwickJul 22, 2015
854Druana DowdJul 21, 2015
853Marsya SibaraniWildlife Conservation SocietyJul 17, 2015
852David HustonJul 11, 2015
851Mark O'ConnellERT ConservationJul 10, 2015
850Kim DerrickThe Nature ConservancyJul 09, 2015
849Sonja BotaJul 08, 2015
848Catherine WhitfieldJul 01, 2015
847Kieran Lindsey, PhDVirginia Tech Center for Leadership in Global SustainabilityJun 30, 2015
846Deborah CottrellWest End Animal HospitalJun 29, 2015
845Krzysztof KiedrowskiEco Unesco DublinJun 25, 2015
844J RiddellIWRC Member, WildARC volunteerJun 24, 2015
843Tina TrudeauWildlife RehabilitatorJun 24, 2015
842Kerri WardJun 24, 2015
841Niki HaringsJun 24, 2015
840David DonahueTWRC Wildlife Center - Texas Licensed Wildlife RehabilitationJun 24, 2015
839Rick HowardBerrien County Wildlife Reabilitation CenterJun 24, 2015
838Tari HowardWildlife RehabilitatorJun 24, 2015
837Frances BellJun 24, 2015
836Paola CatapanoJun 24, 2015
835Christine MadligerUniversity of WindsorJun 19, 2015
834Cailin MackenzieThe Nature ConservancyJun 17, 2015
833Robson SantosJun 15, 2015
832Kai WilliamsThe International Wildlife Rehabilitation CouncilJun 14, 2015
831Elizabeth LittellJun 12, 2015
830Oakley BrooksJun 11, 2015
829Marilyn WilliamsJun 08, 2015
828Erle EllisUniversity of Maryland, Baltimore CountyJun 03, 2015
827Lise HannersThe Nature ConservancyJun 03, 2015
826Ashley LovellTexas Land ConservancyJun 01, 2015
825Catherine CraigConservation through Poverty Alleviation, InternationalMay 30, 2015
824brad baigentSan Diego State University - Environmental Science MajorMay 30, 2015
823Gil LivingstonVermont Land TrustMay 22, 2015
822Darla Guenzler, PhDCalifornia Council of Land TrustsMay 14, 2015
821Allan KaopuaMay 12, 2015
820Barbara ClabotsIUCN Global Gender OfficeMay 11, 2015
819Amanda CasariMay 06, 2015
818Sue HalliganNature ConservancyMay 06, 2015
817Nathália Machado Conservation Biogeography Lab, Federal University of Goiás | BrazilMay 05, 2015
816Fernando ResendeFederal University of Goiás, BrazilApr 28, 2015
815Noell CherubimApr 24, 2015
Heather Tallis

Heather Tallis, acting chief scientist, is the first female lead scientist in the history of The Nature Conservancy, where she founded and directs the organization’s Human Dimensions Program (HDP), an initiative to bring human well-being considerations into conservation practice from the planning stage forward. HDP advances the use of ecological, social and economic sciences in conservation and natural resource decision-making. Heather’s current scientific inquiries focus on developing transferable analytical approaches for using information about nature’s benefits in specific policy contexts and for measuring the impacts of conservation management decisions on human well-being. More from Heather

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