Five Surprising Ways Your Christmas Tree Can Give Back Long After the Holidays

December 19, 2017

Choosing Christmas trees. Photo © Lori Belloir

Every holiday season, my family puts up a real Christmas tree in our living room to celebrate Christmas. We’re in good company – each year more than 25 million American households have a real Christmas tree. Ours is always a spruce, but families have different tastes, and there is a wide selection to choose from. To me, there’s nothing better than walking in the door after a long day and smelling a real tree. The smell is a nostalgic mix of the holidays and the outdoors. There’s no substitute. And, getting a real Christmas tree is one of the best things people can do for the environment during the holiday season.

Real Christmas trees are a renewable resource and good for both people and nature. 400 million trees are grown on tree farms across the country, providing clean air and water, habitat for wildlife, and erosion control. Most of the 15,000 Christmas tree farms across the United States are family-owned, so when you buy a real Christmas tree, you are supporting local economies and contributing to a $1.3 billion per year industry that provides more than 100,000 jobs. Compare that with artificial trees, which are manufactured overseas with fossil fuels, shipped great distances, and when discarded sit in landfills for centuries.

And real Christmas trees can keep giving back long after the holidays are over and the ornaments are packed away. So, when it’s time to take the tree down here are five ways your tree can keep giving:

  1. Growing a New Generation of Christmas Trees for the Future!

    Closeup of a group of Christmas trees on a local tree farm. Photo from the National Archives and Records Administration in the Public Domain

    Just by buying a real Christmas tree, you’re ensuring more trees are grown for future years. For every real Christmas tree harvested, one to three seedlings are planted the following spring, according to the National Christmas Tree Association. During the seven or eight years that they’re growing, real Christmas trees provide all of the benefits I mentioned earlier: clean air and water, wildlife habitat, and healthy soil.

  2. Providing Mulch for Parks and Gardens

    At MulchFest in Jackson Heights, Queens. Photo by Allison Meier on Flickr in the Public Domain

    You can join a growing number who practice “tree-cycling” by having your tree chipped into mulch for parks or gardens.

    There are more than 4,000 Christmas tree recycling programs across the country, according to the National Christmas Tree Association. Some of these programs are run by cities, towns or counties – usually through their solid waste disposal departments – where you drop off your tree and it is run through an industrial chipper.

    New York City really does it up big with MulchFest, a two-day event held in multiple locations or drop-off sites throughout the city. You can take home your bag of mulch for your own garden, or let the city use it in one of its hundreds of parks. Last year, the NYC program recycled more than 26,000 trees!

  3. Improving Fish Habitat

    Tell City Ranger District employees prepare to install recycled fish habitat in an Indiana lake. Photo © U.S. Forest Service on USDA Flickr

    Fisheries biologists have learned that Christmas trees submerged in a pond or lake are great for providing fish habitat. Imagine your tree with its small limbs and stems providing places for small or juvenile fish to hide from predators, like glittering underwater ornaments. These reused trees also provide places where algae and insects can thrive, giving fish sources of food.

    There are dozens of state and federal programs around the country that collect used Christmas trees, anchoring them to the bottom of selected ponds to improve fisheries. Among them are the U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Check with your state’s fish and wildlife agency to see if they have such a program, too; many have drop-off sites. (Living trees also help fish, too, like Alaska’s “Salmon Forests.”)

  4. Restoring Coastal Dunes

    Christmas trees at Midway Beach. Photo © Dominick Solazzo

    As a kid visiting my grandparents on the Massachusetts shore, I would see old Christmas trees in the dunes on our way to the beach. Those trees were being used to help rebuild and maintain sand dunes, providing habitat for birds and other wildlife and helping to protect homes and businesses on the coast.

    It takes years, but eventually the trees and fences get buried in the sand and provide the foundations of a good, healthy dune. Other communities have also found that naturally built-up sand dunes are more stable and durable than dunes that are just pushed up by bulldozers.

    For example, before 1992, sand dunes at South Seaside Park, NJ had been flattened to provide better access to the beach. But a Nor’easter in 1992 served as a wake-up call to rebuild those dunes. The community, with volunteers, started rebuilding the dunes, using old Christmas trees along with fencing to hold sand and allow it to build behind the structures. These sand dunes acted as a natural defense, helping to protect the South Seaside Park and nearby Midway Beach communities, when Hurricane Sandy battered the Jersey Shore.

    Similar projects are being undertaken along the East Coast and along the Gulf of Mexico, providing resilient coasts and ultimately safer protection from the impact of storms. Healthy dunes also offer good habitat for shorebirds, like endangered piping plovers.

  5. Restoring Streambanks

    The ODNR Division of Wildlife partnered with the ODNR Division of State Parks & Watercraft, the Mahoning County Green Team, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Berlin Office), the Youngstown State Bass Club, and the Mohawk Valley Bass Club in order to recycle over 1,500 Christmas trees. Photo © Ohio Department of Natural Resources

    Like rebuilding coastal dunes, old Christmas trees can also help restore streambanks and improve fish habitat. In Ohio, for example, the Department of Natural Resources uses old Christmas trees to stop erosion and rebuild streambanks. The process, called evergreen stream revetments, involves anchoring used Christmas trees into certain parts of eroded streams to slow or halt erosion and create places for sediment to become reestablished and help rebuild the streambank.

    These are just a few of the surprising, and important, ways that your old Christmas tree can give back by helping protect land and water, providing natural climate solutions, and connecting people with nature.

    Regardless of where you tree-cycle, double check your tree to make sure it’s free of ornaments, tinsel and other items that shouldn’t be put through the chipper or could be dangerous to wildlife.

    Bill Ulfelder is the Executive Director of The Nature Conservancy in New York.

Join the Discussion

Please note that all comments are moderated and may take some time to appear.


  1. Absolutely amazing what I just learned. Thank you for your insight. I didn’t know they had quite so many uses. Mary

  2. This article should be shared in National magazines and newspapers , television networks and radio broadcasts as a public service this year.
    Our total environment needs all the help we can give it, given
    our present White House’s anti-environment agenda ?!

  3. Good to have this info going out (in?) so we can get ourselves educated on this.
    One way to really have a positive effect, though, doesn’t even get a mention-
    BUY A LIVE TREE! They can then be planted on New Year’s Day, and even just deciding where to plant the tree is fun! And the tree will always be there, to commemorate that particular Christmas.
    One friend plants his tree at the end of a row each year, and enjoys watching them grow and mature, each tree a year older than the one next to it.
    Anyhow, I think this is a great thing to make a tradition for the holidays. Lots of good vibes, sharing, and every tree counts!

  4. So our Christmas tree makes it to the back corner of our tiny inner city yard after the holidays as extra cover for all the birds, squirrels, and occasional opossum. By early summer the tree is ready to be clipped down and composted and the trunk is destined for the fire pit in early fall. So much better than contributing to a landfill!

  5. This is so helpful. It turns my attitude around when I felt such depression seeing hundreds of Christmas trees lined up on the street to be picked up after Christmas as trash.

  6. I took particular notice of the use of trees to stabilize sand dunes. This had been done at Sandy Hook, NJ at least as far back as when I was in high school (late 1960s). This was done over a broad area and provided a lot of “nooks and crannies” that for those of us in the know were a warm and comfy, daytime “Lover’s Lane.”
    What also interested me was that “sand dunes at South Seaside Park, NJ had been flattened to provide better access to the beach.”
    When I was a child, my family had bungalows in both Rockaway Point and Breezy Point on Long Island. While we “summered” there, there were no large dunes at Rockaway, but one of my memories is of accompanying the adults at Breezy in cutting through the protective dunes in the Spring to provide access to the beaches, and pulling up the boardwalks and closing the breaches in the Fall.
    My fondest memory of those times is that one of my grandfather’s friends allowed me – briefly and under his close supervision, of course – to drive the bulldozer they used to move the sand.
    To put it in the vernacular, “EPIC!”

  7. Nature can and will fix it, if we give it a chance and a hand, by understanding how it works!

  8. For years now, after the holidays, I’ve cut the branches off of my trees and used them to protect perennials in the garden. You’d be surprised how this little bit of protection from the wind, cold and heaving from the soil during freezes and thaws, helps the plants make it through the winter. In the spring they get picked up and run through the chipper to become mulch. The trunks end up in the hedgerow in back of my property and within a number of years they turn into humus, improving the soil.

    1. Good for you, Gary. I have for many years done as you have, and supplemented chipping my tree with mulch provided through my city’s “Treecycling” program.
      There is unfortunately a problem with such programs, at least as I see it: the timing of “Treecycling.” My family’s tradition is to set up and decorate a tree on Christmas Eve, and keep it up until “Twelfth Night” (Epiphany, January 6). Many, if not most families – largely due to their kids – set up their trees as early as Thanksgiving and – largely due to their parents – toss their trees immediately after Christmas Day. Most cities I know of do not start “Treecycling ” for at least a few days after that.
      But hey, every little bit counts!

  9. Where you take a tree in the cali wine country. Preventing MUDSLIDES in Northern and Southern California.

  10. This was a wonderful story about the reuse of x-mas trees – I loved it, and will encourage others to recycle that way.

  11. I didn’t have a tree this year, but next year I’ll get a real one. Your suggestions “sold” me. Thank you. Harriet O.

  12. where do i take my tree? i live in mantua. thanks for the informataion

  13. Really great stuff- yes put back nature into nature- about time we use our heads for what mother nature lives on and it’s not concrete

  14. I had no idea that so much great use was done for our Christmas tree!! I’m amazed and feel I’m doing my good deed. Thanks for this information!!

  15. I always felt so sad seeing discarded Christmas trees – it’s a dark, ironic end to a colorful joyous time of year. This is a silver lining, however I do wish more people would opt for potted trees to plant afterwards. Why murder such a beautiful living thing?!

  16. I have about 45 Christmas trees from Christmas. Is there someone who could use them?

  17. I would love to do that stuff but I am allergic to those trees. But thank you for this interesting text.