Birds & Birding

Recovery: Saving Loons from Lead Fishing Tackle

November 28, 2016

This one-day-old Common Loon chick is backriding for rest, warmth and additional safety. Common Loon chicks do this until they are 10 – 14-days-old. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook

A night silence settled over Big Island Pond in southern New Hampshire when we lost the whippoorwills. But about 20 years ago common loons (“common” only north of the contiguous states) showed up for the first time in even my grandparents’ memory.

The territorial song of the males — wild, discordant yodeling — starts at one end of our island and is answered at the other. Then contact calls — soft owl-like hoots and wails like the whistles of distant freight trains. By day tremolos as the heavy, black-and-white-checkered birds descend in swift flight, hitting the water and skidding sideways like ditching aircraft.

In May 2009 I watched a loon haul onto our beach. It couldn’t hold up its head. It quivered. Its ruby eyes grew dull. Three hours later it was dead. A neurotoxin had destroyed cells in its liver, kidneys, eyes and brain. That neurotoxin was lead. A lead sinker as small as a split shot will do that.

Loons face hazards we can’t do much about. The contiguous states are on the southern fringe of their range, and global warming may drive them north. Mercury mobilized by acid rain and from fossil fuels poisons them. Boat traffic and shoreline development destroys nests and discourages nesting. On the Great Lakes — especially Lake Erie where nesting has been eliminated — thousands of migrating loons die each year, victims of alien species unleashed by humans. It works like this: zebra and quagga mussels from eastern Europe concentrate naturally occurring botulism bacteria, among the planet’s most lethal toxins. Round gobies from the Black and Caspian Sea regions eat the mussels. Loons eat the gobies.

During cooperative conservation efforts of the (photographic) authors and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, extra fish are stocked at Common Loon breeding lakes, to accommodate the loons and those fishing. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook
During cooperative conservation efforts of the (photographic) authors and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, extra fish are stocked at Common Loon breeding lakes, to accommodate the loons and those fishing. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook

Lead fishing tackle, however, is a hazard we can do something about. Non-toxic metals including steel, bismuth, copper and tin are cheap and readily available. Tungsten is relatively expensive but weighs more than lead. Non-toxics hold up better than lead, don’t snag as easily, keep tackle boxes cleaner and are safe for humans. Now there are even ceramic and natural rock sinkers. I shudder to recall all the times I bit shut sinkers and picked lead flecks from my teeth.

Outside the Great Lakes lead tackle is the leading cause of adult-loon mortality. In New Hampshire, for example, 48 percent of dead adult birds turned in to the Loon Preservation Committee were poisoned by lead. The committee and its partners rope off nesting sites, erect buoys and warning signs, deploy nesting rafts, rescue injured and stranded loons, host seminars, and work with dam owners to maintain suitable water levels. But prior to this year’s strict lead-tackle ban six full seasons of nesting-raft management were negated by just 38 pieces of ingested lead.

The only states with lead-tackle regulations are New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York and Washington. Many others, including Minnesota which has slightly more than half of all lower-48 loons, rely only on education.

X-Ray of loon poisoned by lead tackle. Photo courtesy of Dr. Mark Pokras, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine
X-Ray of loon poisoned by lead tackle. Photo courtesy of Dr. Mark Pokras, Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine

“We’ve been educating about this problem since the early 1980s,” declares Loon Preservation Committee director Harry Vogel, “and the only point at which we saw a measurable decrease in lead mortality was when the legislature restricted sale and use. Education by itself doesn’t work because lead tackle remains widely available.” New Hampshire’s ban, strengthened in 2016, outlaws use and sale of lead sinkers and jigs weighing an ounce or less.

A law that looked to be as good as New Hampshire’s went into effect this year in Maine. But after hearings the legislature inserted an exemption for painted jigs in the mistaken notion that paint somehow prevents pebble-filled gizzards from grinding up lead. “We were dumfounded,” says a leading wildlife veterinarian, Dr. Mark Pokras of Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, “That’s a huge loophole.”

“Why not a national ban,” I asked Vogel?

“Unfortunately, lead is widely viewed as a loon problem,” he said. “It’s a wildlife problem; more than two dozen species are poisoned by lead tackle. Most states don’t have loons, so there’s no enthusiasm for tackling this on a national level.”

A long-term territorial male Common Loon shows its legband colors. Banding provides identification for research studies of the species. Common Loons are banded each year in a number of states by Biodiversity Research Institute and its associates. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook
A long-term territorial male Common Loon shows its legband colors. Banding provides identification for research studies of the species. Common Loons are banded each year in a number of states by Biodiversity Research Institute and its associates. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook

There was plenty of enthusiasm, however, for shouting down a 2010 petition by environmental groups for a national ban on lead tackle and ammo under the Toxic Substances Control Act. The Recreational Fishing Alliance (funded largely by the tackle industry) called the petition “anti-fishing, anti-fisherman, doomsday protectionism in the name of loons and loony extremists.”

In February 2016 the U.S. House passed the “Sportsmen’s Heritage and Recreational Enhancement Act” that would bar EPA and even the Departments of Interior and Agriculture from regulating lead ammo and tackle.

Lead regulation isn’t even happening on most National Park units. In March 2009 the Park Service announced that it would ban lead tackle and ammo by the end of 2010. But a trade group called the American Sportfishing Association (ASA) and the gun lobby caterwauled. So the service backed off, applying the ammo ban only to its employees and requiring contracted concessionaires to restock with non-toxic tackle once they’d sold off their lead.

“National Parks such as Yellowstone and Glacier have long banned lead in most fishing activities, but sadly, these restrictions are not yet widespread,” remarks the Park Service’s chief of biological resources, Elaine Leslie. “There’s plenty of peer-reviewed science and evidence indicating the hazardous impacts of lead to a healthy environment — both in terrestrial and aquatic systems.”

These three-day-old Common Loon chicks huddle together while their parents are underwater searching for food for them. At this age, the chicks are too small to ingest fish, so their parents bring them smaller food, such as dragonfly nymphs, snails and small leaches. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook
These three-day-old Common Loon chicks huddle together while their parents are underwater searching for food for them. At this age, the chicks are too small to ingest fish, so their parents bring them smaller food, such as dragonfly nymphs, snails and small leaches. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook

Virtually all fishing organizations and publications that object to non-toxics receive and recycle such ASA fiction as “alternatives materials to lead can cost anglers up to 20 times what current tackle costs.” (The EPA reports that a switch to non-toxic tackle costs the average angler an additional 31 cents per year.)

Six years ago nature photographers Daniel and Ginger Poleschook received death threats when they led a campaign to ban lead tackle in Washington State. ASA opposition derailed effective regulation. So lead is illegal only on Washington lakes where loons are known to nest. But loons ingest lead on the other lakes; and about as many are poisoned there as on nesting lakes.

This column, though, is about recovery. And incredibly, with all they face, loons are recovering in the lower 48. While state lead bans are few and sometimes less than adequate, they’ve helped. Buoys, ropes, warning signs and nesting rafts play a big part. New Hampshire, for instance, has gone from fewer than 100 loon pairs in 1976 to 296; Vermont from 17 pairs in 1984 to 117; Massachusetts from no loons in 1975 to 43 pairs.

Loon nesting raft. Photo © Kittie Wilson
Loon nesting raft. Photo © Kittie Wilson

The Maine-based Biodiversity Research Institute has been netting loon chicks from healthy populations and moving them to depleted habitat where they’re placed in floating, predator-proof hacking pens stocked with live shiners they catch on their own. Over the last three years the institute has moved 17 chicks from northern Minnesota to barren lakes in the southern part of the state. Lakes in southeast Massachusetts got seven birds from upstate New York in 2015, this year four from New York and five from Maine.

With all the restoration effort and the cheap, superior tackle alternatives it’s nonsensical for states or federal agencies to allow lead. “Non-toxic tackle is a no-brainer,” says Pokras. “I don’t understand this opposition from the sportfishing community.”

But when I checked in with the sportfishing community that ASA claims to speak for I encountered only support for non-toxics. Pradco, among the world’s largest tackle manufactures, proudly reported that it had “pretty much eliminated lead.” Pradco and the Bass Pro Shops sell lots of tungsten because, as they explained, it performs better than lead and anglers demand it. L.L.Bean, long noted for environmental responsibility, sells little lead but, apparently buying into the Maine legislature’s superstition that paint protects fish-eating birds, still carries painted lead jigs. In 2015 it discontinued lead sinkers two ounces or less even though the 2016 law permits sale of sinkers over an ounce. Orvis sounded offended that I’d even asked about lead, explaining that it hasn’t sold the poison in years.

Maybe the Park Service’s Elaine Leslie says it best: “The United States is far behind many countries on addressing the lead issue. It is nearly 2017, and it’s time that we, the entire conservation community — which includes hunters and anglers — step up and do the right thing … There are no excuses for our inactions.

Both the male and female Common Loons of a territorial pair provide care of the young until fledging. That is one of the endearing qualities of the species. These chicks swim well even though they are only a few days old. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook
Both the male and female Common Loons of a territorial pair provide care of the young until fledging. That is one of the endearing qualities of the species. These chicks swim well even though they are only a few days old. Photo © Daniel and Ginger Poleschook
Ted Williams

Ted Williams detests baseball, but is as obsessed with fishing as was the "real" (or, as he much prefers, "late") Ted Williams. What he finds really discouraging is when readers meet him in person and still think he’s the frozen ballplayer. The surviving Ted writes full time on fish and wildlife issues. In addition to freelancing for national publications, he serves as Conservation Editor for Fly Rod & Reel where he contributes a regular feature-length column. More from Ted

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73 comments

  1. We, like the author and others that stated their research and views in this article, do not understand the pushback and resistance against enacting laws prohibiting the use of lead fishing tackle. Country-wide enactment of legislation against using lead fishing tackle would be such a win-win-win, for wildlife, the general environment, and for humans! We challenge government agencies, tackle manufacturers (most of whom are already offering lead-free alternatives), retail outlets and fishing alliances to take the responsible steps needed to eliminate lead from fishing tackle.
    Daniel and Ginger Poleschook, promoting Common Loon conservation in our 21st year

  2. All I can think of to say to those companies/sportsmen who are still using poisonous material is:
    “GET THE LEAD OUT!”

    1. All that work we need to do is because the ONLY thing people like this think about is their massive self-entitlement to fishing (or hunting) and they do not consider the lives of the animals or how their activities impact other living thing AT. ALL.

  3. Common Loon’s are captivating and beautiful birds to see and hear. I hope the call to remove lead in fishing and hunting will be heard and acted upon before there are more losses of these beautiful birds. At our lake cabin in Idaho, we no longer see loon’s. They are extirpated in Idaho at this time. Lead is a known leading contributor of loon mortality. Would love to see loons return and hear their calls on our lake again.

  4. Loons, of course, are the tip of the toxic lead iceberg. Any level of lead exposure in children produces adverse effects. In addition, lead is associated with a variety of pathologies in adult humans, including cognitive deficiencies, renal impairment, hypertension, and reproductive problems. But the metabolic pathways affected by lead are evolutionarily conserved and lead also has dramatically damaging effects on a wide variety of non-human species.
    Clinical lead poisoning is seen in pets, farm animals, wild birds, reptiles, fish, and other species. Chronic, sublethal lead toxicosis is documented but less well studied in nonhuman species. Lead can also have significant effects on ecosystems. There’s a ton of scientific literature. One good reference is the chapter on lead in Hoffman’s Handbook of Ecotoxicology, or look at the National Wildlife health Center’s webpages on lead: https://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/disease_information/lead_poisoning/
    As with humans, the lead that poisons animals comes from many sources. Exposure from lead paint and lead in water are common. But lead contamination from mining, smelting, manufacturing, disposal and recycling also poisons large numbers of animals. A major source of lead for animals (and humans) includes lead bullets, shotgun pellets, and fishing weights. According to federal figures, production of such lead-based sporting goods in the United States is second only to the amount of lead used to manufacture storage batteries.
    To protect the health of people and other species it is incumbent that all of us think ecologically and understand all sources of exposure to this toxic metal. Only by encouraging collaborations among human health experts, veterinarians, sportsmen, wildlife professionals and others can we understand all the threats from lead, adopt nontoxic alternatives, and finally put an end to this ancient scourge.

  5. Excellent article Ted. I was not aware of lead fishing tackle killing loons with just one sinker. I fish along with my son and am changing over to non-lead alternatives. Don’t want my son touching lead sinkers any more.
    Robert

  6. I am a student in high school and live on the Olympic Peninsula where many loons spend winters on Puget Sound. I see loons and other sea birds getting tangled up in fishing lines and some swallow lead and die.
    My friends and I want to see lead removed from its many uses and use other safer materials. We (my current generation) are inheriting all the toxic lead that you and past generations of adults are “addicted to using” and will not give-up. Please make a change for us.
    Kaylee

  7. Disney’s movie ‘Finding Dory’ has a funny loon named Becky. Could someone contact Pixar and see if they would be interested in promoting Loon conservation? This could be a huge way to reach out to all these children that love Nemo and Dory.

  8. We should – as a generalization – do what we cando to support the retention of our wildlife! I banning lead in fishing tackle helps, then do it.

  9. I , like thousands of other “Loon Lovers” would like to see this issue brought to the attention of those
    with the power to enact protection for these wonderful birds. Whatever vocal support I can give I
    am willing to do so.

  10. Thank you for your information. Cannot the public start a petition to pass the laws necessary to abolish lead in all fishing tackle. Man created the problem and he can fix it with some effortand awareess.

  11. These are very special animals,as all of life is. Please stop hurting them and their right to health and freedom from harm!
    There is no time to waste. Thank you kindly

  12. My question is: what should one do with OLD lead weights? Throwing them in the garbage will not stop the lead from leaching from landfills. Sooooo….How does one dispose of lead weights safely?

  13. If I had only one wish it would be to enhance the compassion and understanding of humans toward the animals in the natural world.

  14. Why can’t we just say lead is toxic to HUMANS [in the water and elsewhere] and let THAT be the end to lead use in hunting/fishing? Then wouldn’t ALL creatures be safer from lead?

  15. Step up and do the right thing … this should be the slogan for 2017. America should be leading other countries, not behind intros issue. Lead is dangerous, lets do something about it ……….. Remove it!
    Save the Loons! It is our job to protect and save the planet and all the animals on it.

  16. Great article, even if this Ted Williams “detests” baseball. Loons are probably my favorite aquatic bird and I always associate them with days and evenings spent around lakes in Maine when I was a kid. Of course, it makes sense to eliminate lead from fishing tackle and I’m just as baffled by the opposition to the use of tungsten or other substitutes. It just might be a reflexive reactionary take that opposes any “environmentalist” suggestions, as if showing environmental concerns were to threaten the rights of fishermen and hunters. But keep the opposition to the use of lead sinkers going: this, too, will change.

  17. The way corporate industries treat our natural habitats is downright unAmerican. True love of our country includes its magnificent lands and waters and their wildlife. I suspect that we, as a nation, are so out of touch with the natural world that too few of us care about it. We need a movement to reverse that trend! (And closer supervision of the BLM, as well.)

  18. Is there any movement to illuminate these lead products. not just for the loons but for the the improvement and health of our waterways in general?

  19. Psychopaths who call themselves “hunters” or”sportsmen” are just death merchants, murderers and scum.

  20. This is a tragic consequence of our government’s lack of action regarding environmental concerns. We ARE way behind most developed nations on these issues, and it’s shocking and devastating to our environment, wild life and our children.

    Time to put profit behind people and all living things and make significant changes in the years to come. Thank you for this important article, and check out our website at healestate.com and see what we’re doing to contribute to a safer, healthier and more sustainable world.

  21. I don’t understand the ASA’s reactions to switching to non-toxic sinkers and jigs for fishing. Lead in paint has been recognized as a major source of poisoning in children. Let’s also try to remember that Flint, MI isn’t having a water crisis because of non-toxic metal; it’s having a problem because of lead water pipes. If this travesty was allowed to occur then I guess it’s easy to see why the ASA and fishermen don’t recognize lead as a problem. Apparently, they don’t know or care about the environmental issues and consequences of using lead. Hey, non-toxic ammo, fishing sinkers, and fishing jigs kill just as well as lead ones, so why not switch? The simple answer is that there is no good reason for not switching. I would have suggested that education is a good way to get this message across, but some people are stubborn and don’t like having somebody telling them what to do, even if it is the right thing to do for the wildlife, the environment, or for their own families.

  22. Of all the natural disasters in this world, throughout the centuries, their devastation dims compared to those caused by careless, self-centered, uncaring homo-sapiens. Just when one thinks the world at large is catching on to their environmental destruction – thus, ominous consequences – an ‘army’ of these individuals are set into authoritative governmental positions at even a higher level. Ominous consequences are right. What chances does Nature have? If scientific facts are ignored by our Congress with their response being, “Sportsmen’s Heritage and Recreational Enhancement Act”, what chance does our natural world have in the hands of this new regime?

    I see under the article’s list of ‘tags’ is Disease and Parasites. These would be appropriate tags for an article on Homo-Sapiens.

  23. Forgive me if this sounds simplistic but why not contact Tim Allen the actor and ask if he’d consider helping by addressing the issue on his current T.V. program. Since part of the program is his fictional ownership in a sportsman store, it could each a wide audience in a brief time with the need to ban lead throughout the US.

  24. I have never like people fishing, they say that the fish don’t feel the pain after the pull the tackle out of their mouth. They should ban fishermen in that area for the sake of these beautiful birds. Make it illegal or jail time ….

  25. WI has a Loon Ranger Program. Monitor loons on lakes across the state. Sign up or research online.

    Also you can restrict them from being hunted which I hear is common in the SE States.

    They are an unusal bird we should not loose.

  26. Thank you for this information, and the important work you are doing to save the beautiful loons and other birds.

    Jane

  27. The loons are gorgeous birds. I first saw them on Long Lake in Maine many years ago, but in the last few years they’ve been appearing on Sag Harbor Cove where I live at the east end of Long Island, NY. Bless you for your work.

  28. I have had the pleasure of observing loons in Canada while on vacation. I love them and they are wonderful parents. I have you can educate people to stop using lead for fishing. Keep up your great work.

  29. Federal Laws should be made and enforced because wildlife
    are enjoyed by people in all states and know no boundaries.
    Americans are a stupid, ill informed group as a rule, unable to engage in critical thinking. Only 60% have a high school education i believe. Destructive industries must be shut down. Federal Legislation is required on important issues. Lead must be outlawed as your article suggests.

  30. I need to send this to my sister. We watched the Lois at the lake last summer.

  31. I have taken part in Loon studies in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. They are an ancient bird and are suffering from human interaction with the environment. I do not want to see them extinct!

  32. I belong to a trout club in Vermont that has a pair of loons every year. I have had the privilege to see live what is so beautifully portrayed in these photos. Add to the repertoire of their calls, a sweet cooing sound they make when they are on the water with their tiny chicks. It is as clear as all their other calls, only soft and sweet. How amazing! We don’t care how many fish they eat.

    It is so sad that so much is disappearing so fast. It feels ever more important to have preserves even if they can’t be protected from everything. I will continue to support the Nature Conservancy in any way I can, because through it perhaps can be accomplished what I alone have no power to do.

    Gail Donoghue
    New York, New York

  33. Question: How do I know that your campaign isn’t a part of the rotten-corrupt, pro-fascist, pro-capitalist Democratic Party’s long-standing gun control campaign, i.e gun confiscation campaign? That this isn’t just another attempt to throw yet another obstacle in the path of gun ownership?

    1. By all means, please feel free to completely ignore science, biology, and the countless necropsies of birds and animals that have died simply from the ingestion of poisonous lead, in addition to the further science of the repercussions of lead in the drinking water on children in Flint Michigan.

      There seems to be no end to the insane nonsense of people like you to just refuse to consider anything but your own selfish and ignorant need to kill and to make everything a political conspiracy against guns. How inconvenient for you.

      Congratulations, you win the award for most stultifyingly stupid comment here – and possibly anywhere else.

  34. I hope more can be done to save more wildlife from extinction. I fear for them all.

  35. Many of those who fish might shift to non-lead if the materials were available and if those available could be processed easily. The use of tin, for example. would make available a soft metal with a fairly low melt point. At present, tin provides some difficulty in getting. I have some only because it had been used in my metals casting activities in a collage class. An effort is needed to offer that metal in pieces small enough for the fishermen to process. It can be easily melted with home shop equipment.

  36. Hunting and Hunters MURDER ANIMALS! Huntin’ isn’t ever necessary anymore, not since the pioneer days! Hunters should be obliterated permanently! Only barbarians think they have the right to MURDER ANY ANIMALS. That’s in direct opposition to the “conservation community” mentioned in the ending of this blog. CONSERVATION is about SAVING THE LIVES OF ALL ANIMALS. Hunters are NOT ANY PART of the “CONSERVATION COMMUNITY” AT ALL!!! Hunters are DISGUSTING WASTES OF OXYGEN and should all be removed from life with their heads on walls since they approve of it for other sentient creatures!!!!

  37. It is completely baffling that anyone should continue to use lead in fishing tackle. Are they deliberately trying to kill off Loons? Are they so self-centered that they just don’t care? And this is happening in the USA, not a backward third class country!
    The fact that there are alternatives, which even if they cost a little more, would be used by forward thinking people, for the sake of the environment.

  38. This article highlights the stubbornness and, frankly, the stupidity of too many hunters and other sadly mis-named “sportspeople” in their dogged resistance to doing anything that helps animals and especially birds. These people simply believe they are entitled to do whatever they want regardless of the repercussions to the creatures of this world, including using lead, leaving fishing lines in the water, and other disastrous things that mean nothing but a horrible death to other living things. Along with a nationwide ban on lead, there should also be a national law against balloon releases (and a requirement for balloons to be made out of biodegradable material in the first place).
    I am thoroughly disgusted with most of the human species, which simply refuses to take responsibility for their actions, and seems incapable of being educated to better stewardship of this planet. There is a handful of us that make up all of the effort in this regard – if anything and any species will be left in this world, you can thank a “treehugger” (there are worse things you can call someone) – but the fools of the world inflict great damage, and at this tipping point, we can no longer tolerate such indifference.

  39. It is not just loons that are harmed by lead. Many waterfowl are also harmed as are bald eagles.

  40. We have to educate people where they live. Wherever fishing tackle, fishing permits, gun permits and ammunition are sold there should be mandatory reading and presumed understanding about how this might affect the various species and environment. We need more informational shows (instead of the stupid Duck Dynasty portraying poorly evolved species members) on how to hunt and fish in an environmentally sound way; or at least provoking as little toxins as possible. WE NEED MORE INFORMATION/EDUCATION THAT WILL REACH MORE PEOPLE.

  41. Thank you Ted for sharing your passion and expertise. I plan on printing this out and sharing it at the local store at Loon Lake, WA. If you were here… I’d give you a great big hug for your dedication to the well-being of fish and wildlife. Donna K., Colbert, WA

  42. I just looked up and read the American Sportfishing Association official position on lead fishing tackle, and also the alleged evidence and reasoning behind their position. Reading it was a major challenge to my hope for the basic intelligence and foresight of the human species. The ASA language should be next to “twaddle” in the dictionary.

  43. It is a tragedy that any bird would lose its life to lead ingestion. As humans we realize the horrors of lead poisoning to our bodies. As custodians of this planet; we should be doing everything we can to preserve our eco system. If changing lead in tackle is an answer to a problem then bureaucracy should not be the reason to stall a change.

  44. We must save the loons and all other wildlife from lead hazards in tackle and ammo.
    Sporting and manufacturing interests have too much influence with legislatures.
    We must insist on doing what is best for the wildlife and for the planet.

  45. This is fascinating! I first saw loons in Maine, 5 years ago, and they are among our most interesting bird species. With some more good press, and some more insistence on non-lead tackle, I’m sure they can become one of the “pin-up” charismatic animals of the conservation movement. Fine job on this article, and beautiful photographs. Best: baby loons riding bigger parent birds…you should make that one go viral, folks….

  46. Loons are definitely not the only animal endangered by lead. Eagles, osprey and other birds of prey as well as other fish eating animals can be poisoned. I do not understand the reluctance for there to be a national ban on lead used for fishing or hunting since there are better options.

  47. I remember hearing loons when I was a child at camp in Maine. Wonderful sound.

  48. One step forward two steps back, Ryan Zinke the new Secretary of the Interior just overturned the phasing out of lead in bullets and fishing tackle in public refuges and opening more land to fishing and hunting. He must have read and believes the ASA findings or he’s relying on alternative facts presented to him.

  49. Its really a good blog on fishing product online. I appreciate your article. Its important to get quality fishing product online. This blog is really helpful to give a light in this issue. So thanks for sharing all that important information.