Anton-Nurcahyo-TNC-West-Kalimantan-GibbonLast year, The Nature Conservancy’s Indonesia program was offered an undisclosed amount of money from an anonymous motorbike company. Presumably because the company knew of the Conservancy’s expertise in primate research, they somewhat bizarrely requested us to investigate bike preference among Indonesian apes and monkeys.

As the senior scientist of the Indonesian forest program, I rejected the idea outright. The scientific scope of the study appeared far from our usual focus on proper applied conservation research. Do we really care which brand of motorbike different species of primate prefer? And if we knew, would it really help us to protect them any better? My answer to both questions was “no.”

Still, I couldn’t stop myself wondering. What if we simply took the money? It had been offered with virtually no strings attached. If we could do the study cheaply we might have some funds left for more relevant work.

So, weak as I am, I relented and took the cash and developed a minimalistic study in which we studied photos of primates on bikes. The results indicate that Agile Gibbons (Hylobates agilis) prefer Yamaha, Crested Black Macaques (Macaca nigra) prefer Honda, and Pig-tailed Macaques (Macaca nemestrina) favor push bikes (see photos). Curiously, none of the species seem to favor the big handlebars on bikes called “ape hangers.”


Admittedly, the sample size of three is somewhat limited, but a tentative conclusion is that the higher evolved a primate is, the more expensive its bike selection. The donor company is extremely pleased with the results of this study, and they are now translating the findings into new marketing strategies for a very expensive bike for people, based on the assumption that humans are at the top rung of the evolutionary ladder.


Whether the story is factual or not, the moral of it is that most conservation research in places like Indonesia, but also elsewhere in the world, is largely irrelevant to conservation.

Douglas Sheil (a colleague of mine) and I published a paper some time ago in which we compiled, categorized and evaluated 284 publications on Bornean wildlife (Biod. Cons. 16:3053–3065). We found that few studies address threats to species and fewer still provide input for or guidance to effective management.

Too often scientists working under the guise of conservation answer questions that are not important to conservation — and judging my CV, I am one of them. In the end, if we cannot come up with the facts and recommendations that can be directly applied by managers, decision makers, local communities and other people that really count in conservation, conservation science will have little to offer to conservation.

(Image 1: Agile Gibbon (Hylobates agilis) aboard Yamaha motorcycle. Credit: Anton Nurcahyo/TNC. Image 2: Crested Black Macaque (Macaca nigra) aboard Honda motorcycle. Credit: Rona Dennis. Image 3: Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) aboard a bicycle. Credit: Anton Nurcahyo/TNC. )

If you believe in the work we’re doing, please lend a hand.


  1. Thanks for a stunning (and humorous) piece.

    I think (I hope) that the more people can see and learn and know about and IDENTIFY WITH a species, the more they care about them and will be motivated to take action on their behalf.

    Hang in there!


  2. I just read an article about how important it is that we each in an organization know what it means to “bring home the bacon” for that organization. If we don’t know, or don’t do it, then we aren’t supporting the organization. Thanks for the great use of humor in getting across such an important point. But then as humans, wouldn’t we also be driven to select not only the most expensive bike, but the most cash. Oh what mortals we are!

  3. Nice one, Erik. We are literally studying some of these animals to death. While scientific research is undoubtedly important, it has to be conducted in a way that allows for its application in the conservation of these species. The ‘bike preference’ example, while quite absurd and funny, isn’t too far off the mark given some of the bizarre things that are looked at in great depth and without much relevance in helping protect the species.

  4. The last picture shows a very highly-organised Macaque – it has arranged for a chauffeur. This puts in doubt the assumption that humans are at the top rung of the evolutionary ladder. Who hands out the bananas is in charge. Are you familiar with Banksy’s “Laugh now, but one day we’ll be in charge”…?

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