How Can We Make Energy Security Sustainable? » Aerial photogaph showing a gas well site (pad) in front of a new wind farm being constructed on a ridge above the Marcellus Shale formation in north-eastern Pennsylvania. With new technology, energy companies are now able to extract natural gas from Marce

Meeting energy development needs will require that we convert land from current uses. Photo: Mark Godfrey/TNC

Meeting energy development needs will require that we convert land from current uses. Photo: Mark Godfrey/TNC

(ALL RIGHTS, ALL USES) Aerial photogaph showing a gas well site (pad) in front of a new wind farm being constructed on a ridge above the Marcellus Shale formation in north-eastern Pennsylvania. With new technology, energy companies are now able to extract natural gas from Marcellus shale, a layer of black rock that runs beneath Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia and New York. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania now has about 1,000 shale well sites or pads — each carving up close to 30 acres of forest between roads, pipelines, and infrastructure — but more than 60,000 wells (on 6,000 to 15,000 pads depending on density) could be dispersed over fields and forests by 2030. PHOTO CREDIT: Mark Godfrey © The Nature Conservancy


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